The World Health Organization and the TB/HIV Working Group of the Stop TB Partnership in collaboration with the Consortium to Respond Effectively to the AIDS/TB Epidemic (CREATE), International AIDS Society, Treatment Action Group and the Desmond Tutu HIV Centre of University of Cape Town organized a highly visible meeting in conjunction with the 5th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Cape Town, South Africa on 18-19 July, 2009. The meeting was attended by some 250 HIV researchers, activists and representatives from funding agencies, including well-known figures such as Dr Fauci and Nobel Prize winner Dr Françoise Barré-Sinoussi of the Institut Pasteur. The meeting focused on critical TB/HIV issues in the areas of TB prevention, diagnosis and treatment, childhood TB and drug resistant TB. New and previously unreported data was shared, discussed and research priorities were defined. The research priority discussions during the meeting also informed the ongoing revision of the TB/HIV research priorities document. The outcome and key findings of the meeting were communicated to the IAS conference delegates through a satellite symposium on 21 July, 2009. For a more in-depth report, by Theo Smart of HATiP and for the presentations please visit the links below.