The first European TB/HIV regional meeting was held in Vienna, Austria from 16-17 July prior to the XVIII International AIDS conference. The meeting was organized by the World Health Organization in collaboration with the TB/HIV Working Group of the Stop TB Partnership. A total of 186 people from 37 countries participated to the meeting with representation from all of the 18 high TB burden countries from the Region. Participants discussed how to strengthen collaboration and coordination between programmes, how to address drug-resistant TB, and how to provide integrated and holistic care to most at risk populations such as drug users and prisoners. Participants also shared experiences and best practices to inform recommendations to accelerate the implementation of nationwide scale-up of collaborative activities. The meeting, which was held in Russian and English, with simultaneous translation, was attended by national TB, HIV and harm reduction programme managers as well as officials from the penitentiary system, joined by a broad range of TB and HIV/AIDS stakeholders active in the WHO European Region, members of the TB/HIV Working Group, and representatives of non-governmental and civil society organizations.